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In some Chinese farmers to add antibiotics as feed

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Guangzhou Fuyingyiyuan has rescued over 650 grams, a weight of only the 25 weeks of gestation in the preterm children. Generation cephalosporin, is invalid! Second-generation cephalosporin, is invalid! Three generations of four generations of cephalosporins, is still valid! To a "top-antibiotics": Thai energy, Maxipime, revival of ... ... all invalid! Later, the antimicrobial susceptibility test showed that the newborn to 7 antibiotics were resistant! Resistance or from the mother and newborn. Pregnant women to eat a lot of antibiotic residues in poultry meat and eggs, it is possible to these antibiotics intake. Antibiotic residues in animal products, has become one of the important reasons of resistant bacteria. Yin Xiaoqing Academy of Social Sciences researcher rural development in Shandong, Liaoning, part of the rural livestock farmers were investigated. The survey found that in order to avoid infection, different types of pig farmers widely use of industrial feed. Industrial feed is generally considered to be antibiotics, added hormones and other drug carrier. Farmers in the survey, 50% of farmers in different degrees in the feed added antibiotics and other drugs. Bacterial disease is the main cause of the disease led to animals. Experts believe that the breeding industry exists the phenomenon of irrational use of antibiotics, mainly due to the need for animal disease prevention marsh. Face more severe than the market risk of infectious disease risk, some had to livestock farmers under the strong medicine, their experience keeping the feel medication can easily lead to excessive antibiotic residues in livestock and poultry products. In fact, far more than the amount of veterinary antibiotics in the treatment of diseases of animal requirements. Beijing Zhong Xie Feed Industry Association, said the right of the 20th century, 60 years, Western countries will produce the residue of antibiotics used as feed pigs, pigs or other animals can grow faster. Later, they all antibiotic fermentation residue are used as poultry and livestock feed additives. Such additives are synthetic, in animals can not be effectively degraded form of antibiotic residues. Occurrence of antibiotics in foods of animal origin with high residual risk of greatly increased. Feed Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, research fellow, deputy director of Qi Guanghai, rational use of antibiotics in feed to improve animal performance can play to improve feed conversion efficiency, disease prevention and so on. However, long-term use of antibiotics and the negative effects of abuse also caused concern, mainly in: First, bacteria resistance problem; the second is caused by animal immune function decline, death more; Third, drug residues in livestock and poultry products, problems directly endanger human health. The emergence of drug residues in animal products of no more than two aspects of the illegal excess use of antibiotics allowed to add, the second is illegal without the approval of antibiotics added. Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Peking University Professor Xiao Yonghong, and other experts survey estimated that annual production of antibiotic raw materials in China about 21 million tons, including 97,000 tons of antibiotics used in livestock breeding industry, accounting for 46.1% of total production. Abuse of antibiotics in the aquaculture industry around the world are very common, but in China even more serious. The amount of antibiotic residues in animal products generally very low, the direct toxicity of the body is small, but long-term consumption, it can accumulate in the body, harm to human health. Experts warned that regular consumption with antibiotics, "has anti-food", even trace amounts may also make hives or allergic symptoms and other adverse reactions; long-term consumption "has anti-food", consumer resistance is also will unconsciously increase, equivalent to the human body buried in a "stealth bomb" in the future once the illness, it may be no cure. Illegal use of antibiotics in aquaculture industry still exists, strengthen supervision, "there is anti-food" without delay According to report, on the use of antibiotics in feed, China has strict rules: only low levels of antibiotics as growth promoters in animal feed, but also for different stages of animal use of antibiotics in different physiological types, doses and withdrawal periods are strict rules. Although the use of drugs in feed, there are strict regulations, the problem lies in the illegal use. Qiguang Hai said that to achieve our current use of antibiotics in feed is not difficult, yet the developed countries like the United States can not do. Qi Guanghai that the current pattern in the culture, there is a misunderstanding that the backyard or small-scale industrial farming of livestock and poultry feed as do not eat, security is higher than the large-scale farming. In fact, large-scale farming as a fairly standard feeding and management, animal diseases in the breeding process is not easy, you need to use less antibiotics for the treatment, although may be legitimate to add the feed antibiotics to promote growth, but the whole course of antibiotics used in raising the total was not high. Second, poor free-range conditions due to environmental, animal susceptible to disease, often require the use of antibiotics treatment of diseases, so free-range mode of antibiotics is not necessarily less than the large-scale farming. CASS conditions in the pharmaceutical industry research group in the study found that a large number of small farmers not only have serious side effects with the elimination of classes of antibiotics, and even some human antibiotics has also been a trial for animal species. Many livestock and poultry is not a dead fish, but overdose death. In 1996, China promulgated the standards of food hygiene, residues of veterinary drugs is also limited to one tetracyclines. WTO, the developed countries set barriers to China's export trade. For example, exports to the EU in 2002 exceeded chloramphenicol in honey, resulting in hundreds of millions of dollars of export business losses. In recent years, China has begun to attach importance to the issue of animal drug residues food. In 2002, the Ministry of Agriculture issued a revised "food of animal origin MRLs of veterinary drugs." However, some fishery drugs are still used in veterinary medicine, there is no development of drug residue standards. Some veterinary drugs (including drug treatment of drug and disabled) of the residue detection method has not been established. Qi Guanghai called authorities should take positive action to protect people from the health point of view, attention to drug residues in animal food regulation and related technical standards, strengthening supervision "has anti-food" without delay.
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